Interventional radiology is a medical specialization that involves performing a range of imaging procedures to obtain images of the inside of the body. The interventional radiologist carefully interprets these images to diagnose injury and disease, and to perform a range of interventional medical procedures.
Interventional radiologist use imaging techniques such as X-rays, MRIs (magnetic resonance imaging) scans, fluoroscopy (an X-ray procedure that makes it possible to see internal organs in motion), CT (computed tomography) scans and ultrasounds.
Interventional radiologists perform a broad range of procedures such as treating tumors, taking organ biopsies or placing stents by inserting tiny instruments and thin plastic tubes (catheters) into the body via an artery or vein. The images are used to guide the catheters and instruments to the exact area where the procedure or treatment is to be performed. This reduces the need for traditional (open) or keyhole (laparoscopic) surgery as treatment can be given via a small plastic tube about the size of a straw.
Continuing advances in technology mean the range of conditions that can be treated by interventional radiology is continuing to expand.
Interventional radiologists perform a wide range or procedures, including:
– Angioplasty and Stent Insertion
– Ascitic Tap
– Biliary Drainage
– Bursal Injection
– Carotid Stenting
– Carpal Tunnel Ultrasound and Injection
– Image Guided Cervical Nerve Root Sleeve Corticosteroid Injection
– Image Guided Liver Biopsy
– Image Guided Lumbar Epidural Corticosteroid Injection
– Image guided lumbar nerve root sleeve injection
– Inferior Vena Cava Filters
– Joint Injection
– Pleural Aspiration
– Radiofrequency Ablation
– SAH Vasospasm Endovascular Treatment
– Selective Internal Radiation Therapy [SIRT]: SIR-Spheres®
– Spinal Cord Embolisation (AVM/DAVF)
– Thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA)
– Transarterial Chemoembolisation (TACE)
– Uterine Fibroid Embolisation
– Varicose Vein Ablation
– Vascular Closure Devices
– Venous Access