Breast imaging is a sub-specialty of diagnostic radiology. It involves a range of imaging procedures.
Screening mammography is used to detect breast cancer via a low-dose X-ray before any symptoms are evident. This allows for early treatment and intervention.
Diagnostic mammography uses X-rays for diagnostic purposes when symptoms are present. The mammogram confirms whether the changes are non-cancerous (benign) or whether breast cancer may be present and treatment is required.
Breast tomosynthesis is a new digital mammography technique that produces 3D images of the breast using X-rays.
Breast ultrasound is used to differentiate between cysts (fluid filled lumps) and solid lumps which may or may not be cancerous.
Breast MRIs are used to identify early breast cancer in women who are at high risk, and determining the extent of any breast cancer that is diagnosed.
Other breast imaging procedures include:
– Breast Core Biopsy
– Breast Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA)
– Breast Hook-wire Localization
– Vacuum-Assisted Core Biopsy